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Living in EuropeAccess to the culture of the host country/language coursesLuxembourg

Political system


The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, with a hereditary crown that belongs to the house of Nassau. The Grand Duke is its head of state. As in all parliamentary democracies, the separation of powers is flexible in Luxembourg: there are many links between the legislative and executive powers.


Only the judicial power is totally independent. The executive power rests with the Grand Duke represented by his government. Being a constitutional monarchy, the Grand Duke’s role is largely symbolic. Legislative power is handled by the Chamber of Deputies, a single-chamber parliament whose members are elected every five years. The judicial power, which is completely independent from the two other branches, is exercised by courts at different judicial levels.




In the Grand Duchy, voting is a compulsory act of citizenship. Parliamentary elections are held every five years. The sixty members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by universal suffrage and proportional representation. At municipal elections, municipal councilors are elected directly by the inhabitants of the municipality for a six-year term of office. Every five years, Luxembourgers elect, by direct universal suffrage, six representatives of Luxembourg to the European Parliament. Luxembourgish nationals have the right to vote and to stand as candidates in elections from the age of 18. Since December 2018, a coalition government comprising the Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party (LSAP) and the Green Party (Déi Gréng) has been in office.